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Europe Elects: Calendar

Note: Due to unforseeable events, elections may be rescheduled.

The table below considers European Parliament elections and national parliament and presidential elections in European states and territories, including national parliament by-elections. It also includes all regional elections and some local elections where these are held on a national basis or involve a capital city.

Europe Elects will post updates about the elections listed here on its social media platforms. Please note that Russia, Azerbaijan, and Belarus are rated as “authoritarian regimes” by the Economist Democracy Index and elections tend to be neither free nor fair.

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal Presidential 24 January
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Liechtenstein National parliament 7 February
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo Parliament 14 February
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain Catalonia regional parliament 14 February
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Valais regional parliament and government (first round)
Solothurn regional parliament and government (first round)
National referenda
7 March
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany Baden-Wรผrttemberg regional parliament
Rhineland-Palatinate regional parliament
14 March
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands National parliament 17 March
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine 50th constituency Donetsk Oblast national parliament by-election
87th constituency Donetsk Oblast national parliament by-election
28 March
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Valais regional government (second round) 28 March
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria National parliament 4 April
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Greenland (Denmark) Parliament 6 April
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Neuchรขtel regional parliament and government (first round) 18 April
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania National parliament 25 April
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Solothurn regional government (second round) 25 April
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain Madrid regional parliament 4 May
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK Wales regional parliament
Scotland regional parliament
Hartlepool national parliament by-election
6 May
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Neuchรขtel regional government (second round) 9 May
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK Airdrie & Shotts national parliament by-election 13 May
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus National parliament 30 May
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France 3rd district of Indre-et-Loire national parliament by-election
6th district of Pas-de-Calais national parliament by-election
1st district of Oise national parliament by-election
15th district of Paris national parliament by-election
30 May
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia Local 5 June
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France 3rd district of Indre-et-Loire national parliament by-election
6th district of Pas-de-Calais national parliament by-election
1st district of Oise national parliament by-election
15th district of Paris national parliament by-election
6 June
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany Saxony-Anhalt regional parliament 6 June
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland National referenda 13 June
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK Chesham & Amersham national parliament by-election 17 June
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France Grand Est regional parliament
Nouvelle-Aquitaine regional parliament
Auvergne-Rhรดne-Alpes regional parliament
Bourgogne-Franche-Comtรฉ regional parliament
Brittany regional parliament
Centre-Val de Loire regional parliament
Corsica territorial parliament
French Guiana territorial parliament
Guadeloupe regional parliament
รŽle-de-France regional parliament
Occitanie regional parliament
Rรฉunion regional parliament
Martinique territorial parliament
Hauts-de-France regional parliament
Normandy regional parliament
Pays de la Loire regional parliament
Provence-Alpes-Cรดte dโ€™Azur regional parliament
20 June
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Armenia National parliament 20 June
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Gibraltar Referendum 24 June
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK Batley and Spen national parliament by-election 1 July
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland Dublin Bay South by-election 8 July
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Moldova National parliament 11 July
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria National parliament 11 July
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia Presidential (indirect) 30 August
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway National parliament 12 and 13 September
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy House of Representatives (Camera), Siena
House of Representatives (Camera), Roma – Primavalle
3-4 October
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia Tula regional President
Belgorod regional President
Republic of Mordovia regional President
Republic of Adygea regional parliament
Republic of Ingushetia regional parliament
Republic of Karelia regional parliament
Republic of Mordovia regional parliament
Chechen Republic regional parliament
Chuvash Republic regional parliament
Altai regional parliament
Republic of Dagestan regional parliament
Tver regional President
Chechen Republic regional President
Ulyanovsk regional President
Khabarovsk regional President
Republic of Tuva regional President
Kamchatka regional parliament
Krasnoyarsk regional parliament
Perm regional parliament
Primorye regional parliament
Stavropol regional parliament
Amur regional parliament
Astrakhan regional parliament
Vologod regional parliament
Kaliningrad regional parliament
Kirov regional parliament
Kursk regional parliament
Leningrad oblast regional parliament
Lipetsk regional parliament
Moscow Oblast regional parliament
Murmansk regional parliament
Nizhny Novgorod regional parliament
Veliky Novgorod regional parliament
Omsk regional parliament
Orenburg regional parliament
Orlov regional parliament
Pskov regional parliament
Samara regional parliament
Sverdlovsk regional parliament
Tambov regional parliament
Tyumen regional parliament
Saint Petersburg regional parliament
Jewish Autonomous Oblast regional parliament
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Oblast regional parliament
Chukotsky Autonomous Oblast regional parliament
National parliament
19 September
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Isle of Man Parliament 23 September
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland National parliament 25 September
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria Upper Austria regional parliament 26 September
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France Senatorial elections for French people living outside France (6 seats) 26 September
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany National parliament
Berlin regional parliament
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern regional parliament
26 September
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal Local 26 September
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒ San Marino Abortion referendum 26 September
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland National referenda: 99% Initiative, Marriage For All 26 September
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Fribourg – national parliament by-election (first round) 26 September
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy Local (first round): Calabria, Milan, Naples, Rome 3-4 October
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czechia National parliament 8-9 October
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia All regional parliaments 17 October
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo Local (first round) 17 October
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia Local (first round) 17 October
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy Local (second round): Rome, Turin 17-18 October
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North Macedonia Local (second round) 31 October
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Fribourg regional parliament and government (first round) 7 November
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria Presidential (first round)
National parliament
14 November
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kosovo Local (second round) 14 November
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark Local: Copenhagen
16 November
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria Presidential (second round) 21 November
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland National referenda
Fribourg regional parliament and government (second round)
28 November
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK Old Bexley and Sidcup national parliament by-election 2 December
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK North Shropshire national parliament by-election 16 December
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy Presidential (elected by Parliament) 4 January
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy House of Representatives (Camera), Roma โ€“ Trionfale 16 January
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland Regional 23 January
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus Turkish Cypriot community parliament election 23 January
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal National parliament 30 January
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands Local: Amsterdam 16 March
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany Saarland regional parliament ~ March
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia Presidential 3 April
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia National parliament 3 April
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia Belgrado city legislature 3 April
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France Presidential (first round) 10 April
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France Presidential (second round) 24 April
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia National parliament 24 April
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary National parliament ~ April
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom Local (England, Scotland and Wales) 5 May
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom Northern Ireland regional parliament 5 May
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany North Rhine-Westfalia regional parliament ~ May
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany Schleswig-Holstein regional parliament ~ May
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland Vaud regional parliament ~April/May
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland Local (Reykjavik + nationwide) ~May
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France National parliament 12 June
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France National parliament 19 June
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ช Jersey Parliament 22 June
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta National parliament ~ June
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania Presidential (indirect) May-August
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy Sicily regional parliament August
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden National parliament 11 September
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden Local: Stockholm 11 September
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria Presidential ~ September
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia National parliament 1 October
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Hezegovina National parliament 2 October
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany Lower Saxony regional parliament ~ October
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia Presidential a Sunday between 11 September and 2 October
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia Local 20 November
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia Local (Bratislava) and regional ~ November
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary Presidential to be determined
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain Andalucia regional parliament to be determined

๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ Vatican City is an absolute monarchy, and only holds elections after the death or resignation of its leader.

Visit our electoral archive here.