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Poland

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in Poland. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Andrzej Duda (*-ECR)
Head of Government (PM)Donald Tusk (PO-EPP)
Parties in GovernmentCivic Platform (PO-EPP)
Modern (.N-RE)
Greens Party (Z-Greens/EFA)
Polish Initiative (IPL~NI)
Poland 2050 (PL2050-RE)
Polish People’s Party (PSL-EPP)
New Left (NL-S&D)

Parties

Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS)
Law and Justice
Leader: Jarosław Kaczyński
Orientation: National-conservative (Poguntke & Webb, 2018, p. 181)
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP, ECR Party, EC/DA)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2001-…

Note: PiS is part of the informal political alliance Zjednoczona Prawica (ZP). It sits with the Klub Parlamentarny Prawo i Sprawiedliwość group in the national parliament.

Watch here our video from 2019 about the party.

Suwerenna Polska (SP)
Sovereign Poland
Leader: Zbigniew Ziobro
Orientation: Right-wing to far-right
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Note: SP is part of the informal political alliance Zjednoczona Prawica (ZP). It sits with the Klub Parlamentarny Prawo i Sprawiedliwość group in the national parliament.

Platforma Obywatelska (PO)
Civic Platform
Leader: Donald Tusk
Orientation: Centre-right (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2001-…

Note: PO is part of the Klub Parlamentarny Koalicja Obywatelska – Platforma Obywatelska, Nowoczesna, Inicjatywa Polska, Zieloni (KO) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about KO.

Nowoczesna (.N)
Modern
Leader: Adam Szłapka
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Note: .N is part of the Klub Parlamentarny Koalicja Obywatelska – Platforma Obywatelska, Nowoczesna, Inicjatywa Polska, Zieloni (KO) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about KO.

Partia Zieloni (Z)
Greens Party
Leader: Przemysław Słowik & Urszula Zielińska
Orientation: Greens politics, centre-left
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP, GG)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2003-…

Note: Z is part of the Klub Parlamentarny Koalicja Obywatelska – Platforma Obywatelska, Nowoczesna, Inicjatywa Polska, Zieloni (KO) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about KO.

Inicjatywa Polska (iPL)
Polish Initiative
Leaders: Barbara Nowacka
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~NI (NI-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Note: iPL is part of the Klub Parlamentarny Koalicja Obywatelska – Platforma Obywatelska, Nowoczesna, Inicjatywa Polska, Zieloni (KO) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about KO.

Polska 2050 Szymona Hołowni (PL2050)
Szymon Hołownia’s Poland 2050
Leader: Szymon Hołownia
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: RE (RE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Note: PL2050 is part of the electoral alliance Trzecia Droga (TD) and has its own parliamentary group, Klub Parlamentarny Polska 2050 – Trzecia Droga.

Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe (PSL)
Polish People’s Party
Leader: Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz
Orientation: Centre-right (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1895-…

Note: PSL is part of the electoral alliance Trzecia Droga (TD) and the Klub Parlamentarny Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe – Trzecia Droga group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 that features PSL.

Centrum dla Polski (CdP)
Centre for Poland
Leader: Ireneusz Raś & Kazimierz Michał Ujazdowski
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Note: CdP is part of the Klub Parlamentarny Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe – Trzecia Droga group in the national parliament

Nowa Lewica (NL)
New Left
Leaders: Włodzimierz Czarzasty
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, PA)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2020/2021-…

Note: Nowa Lewica is part of the Koalicyjny Klub Parlamentarny Lewicy (Nowa Lewica, PPS, Razem, Unia Pracy) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 that features SLD (now NL).

Razem (Razem)
Together
Leader: Magdalena Biejat & Adrian Zandberg
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: ~NI (NI-PACE, CEEGLA)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Note: Razem is part of the Koalicyjny Klub Parlamentarny Lewicy (Nowa Lewica, PPS, Razem, Unia Pracy) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 that features Razem.

Kukiz’15
Kukiz’15
Leader: Paweł Kukiz
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~NI (intention to join proposed M5S-led EU Parliament group)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Note: Kukiz’15 has its own parliamentary group, Koło Poselskie Kukiz’15. Watch here our video from 2019 that features Kukiz’15.

Porozumienie (P)
Agreement
Leader: Magdalena Sroka
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (Intention to cooperate with the EPP)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: P used to be a member of the informal political alliance Zjednoczona Prawica (ZP), but left it on 11 August 2021.

Nowa Nadzieja (NN)
New Hope
Leader: Sławomir Mentzen
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ~NI (IALP)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Note: NN is part of the Klub Poselski Konfederacja (Kon) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about Konfederacja.

Ruch Narodowy (RN)
National Movement
Leader: Krzysztof Bosak
Orientation: Far-right (Rooduijn et al., 2023)
EP Affiliation: ~NI|ID (NI-PACE, cooperation with Mi Hazank, cooperation with RN France)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2014-…

Note: RN is part of the Klub Poselski Konfederacja (Kon) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about Konfederacja.

Konfederacja Korony Polskiej (KKP)
Confederation of the Polish Crown
Leader: Grzegorz Braun
Orientation: Far-right (Rooduijn et al., 2023), Monarchism
EP Affiliation: ~ ID (Cooperation with ID)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2019-…

Note: KKP is part of the Klub Poselski Konfederacja (Kon) group in the national parliament. Watch here our video from 2019 about Konfederacja.

Unia Europejskich Demokratów (UED)
Union of European Democrats
Leader: Elżbieta Bińczycka
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Note: UED sits within the Klub Senacki Trzecia Droga group in the upper house of the national parliament.

Komitet Wyborczy Mniejszość Niemiecka (MN)
German Minority Electoral Committee
Leader:
Orientation: designated German minority interest; centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (EPP-CLRA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: MN is formally a designated minority committee that is exempted from the national parliament threshold. It is formally not a full party in the legal sense in Poland.

Polska Partia Socjalistyczna (PPS)
Polish Socialist Party
Leaders: Wojciech Konieczny
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1892-…

Note: PPS is part of thr Koalicyjny Klub Parlamentarny Lewicy (Nowa Lewica, PPS, Razem, Unia Pracy) group in the national parliament.

AGROunia (AGROunia)
AGROunia
Leader: Michał Kołodziejczak
Orientation: Conservative, Farmers’ interest (self-declared)
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: AGROunia is currently in the process of registering as a political party

Bezpartyjni Samorządowcy (BS)
Nonpartisan Local Government Activists
Leader: Robert Raczyński
Orientation: Localism
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: BS is a political movement operating mainly at a regional level. It is formally not a full party in the legal sense in Poland.

Federacja dla Rzeczpospolitej (FDR)
Federation for the Republic
Leader: Marek Jakubiak
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Polska Jest Jedna (PJJ)
There is One Poland
Leader: Rafał Piech
Orientation: Far-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Wolnościowcy (Wolnościowcy)
Libertarians
Leader: Artur Dziambor
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Note: since leaving Konfederacja on 13 February 2023, Wolnościowcy have their own parliamentary group, Koło Parlamentarne Wolnościowcy.

Mam Dość 2023 (MD23)
Had Enough 2023
Leader: Marianna Schreiber
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Unia Pracy (UP)
Labour Union
Leader: Waldemar Witkowski
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (PES)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1992-…

Note: UP is part of the Koalicyjny Klub Parlamentarny Lewicy (Nowa Lewica, PPS, Razem, Unia Pracy) group in the national parliament.

Partia Republikańska – Republikanie (R)
Republican Party – Republicans
Leader: Adam Bielan
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-2023

Note: R was part of the informal political alliance Zjednoczona Prawica (ZP). It sat with the Klub Parlamentarny Prawo i Sprawiedliwość group in the national parliament.

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