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Belarus

Note: the flag of Belarus has been in a state of dispute since 1995, when it was changed after a questionable referendum from the white-red-white flag pictured left.

National Parliament Composition

Government

Head of State (President)De Jure: Disputed
De Facto: Alâksándr Lukašenka
Head of Government (PM)Ramán Halóǔčanka (*)
Parties in GovernmentWhite Rus (BR-*)

Parties

Белая Русь (BR)
Belaâ Rusʹ
White Rus
Leader: Алег Раманаў (Aleh Ramanaǔ)
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party is part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance. It existed as a political alliance since 2007 but was transformed into a party in 2023.

Рэспубліканская партыя працы і справядлівасьці (RPPS)
Rèspublikanskaâ partyâ pracy i spravâdlivasʹci
Republican Party of Labour and Justice
Leader: Васіль Задняпраны & Аляксандр Сцяпанаў (Vasilʹ Zadnâprany & Alâksandr Scâpanaǔ)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (SS-CIS)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party is part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Камуністычная партыя Беларусі (KPB)
Kamunistyčnaâ partyâ Belarusi
Communist Party of Belarus
Leader: Аляксей Сокал (Alâksej Sokal)
Orientation: Far-left
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (UPC–CPSU)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1996-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party is part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Ліберальна-дэмакратычная партыя Беларусі (LDPB)
Liberalʹna-dèmakratyčnaâ partyâ Belarusi
Liberal Democratic Party of Belarus
Leader: Алег Гайдукевіч (Aleh Hajdukevič)
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party is part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Беларуская аграрная партыя (BAP)
Belaruskaâ ahrarnaâ partyâ
Belarusian Agrarian Party
Leader: Міхаіл Русы (Michail Rusy)
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 1992-2023

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party was part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Беларуская хрысьціянская дэмакратыя (BHD)
Belaruskaâ chrysʹciânskaâ dèmakratyâ
Belarusian Christian Democracy
Leader: Павел Севярынец (Pavel Sevârynec)
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party)
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2005-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: The party is part of the Беларускі Незалежніцкі Блок (Belaruski Nezaležnicki Blok, Belarusian Independence Bloc, BNB)

Беларуская партыя «Зялёныя» (BPZ)
Belaruskaâ partyâ «Zâlënyâ»
Belarusian Green Party
Leader: Дзмітрый Кучук (Dzmitryj Kučuk)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP, GG)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Беларуская партыя левых «Справядлівы свет»
Belaruskaâ partyâ levych «Spravâdlivy svet»
Belarusian Left Party ‘A Just World’
Leader: Сяргей Калякін (Sârhej Kalâkin)
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (EL)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 1991-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Аб’яднаныя дэмакратычныя сілы Беларусі (Ab’âdnanyâ dèmakratyčnyâ sily Belarusi, United Democratic Forces of Belarus, ADSB)

Беларуская патрыятычная партыя (BPP)
Belaruskaâ patryâtyčnaâ partyâ
Belarusian Patriotic Party
Leader: Мікалай Улаховіч (Mikalaj Ulachovič)
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1994-2023

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party was part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Беларуская сацыял-дэмакратычная Грамада (BSDH)
Belaruskaâ sacyâl-dèmakratyčnaâ Hramada
Belarusian Social Democratic Assembly
Leader: Сяргей Чэрачань (Sârhej Čèračan‘)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1998-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Беларуская сацыял-дэмакратычная партыя (Грамада) (BSDP)
Belaruskaâ sacyâl-dèmakratyčnaâ partyâ (Hramada)
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (Assembly)
Leader: Ігар Барысаў (Ihar Barysaǔ)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (PES observer, PA, SS-CIS)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2005-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Аб’яднаныя дэмакратычныя сілы Беларусі (Ab’âdnanyâ dèmakratyčnyâ sily Belarusi, United Democratic Forces of Belarus, ADSB).

Беларуская сацыял-дэмакратычная партыя (Народная Грамада) (BSDP (NH))
Belaruskaâ sacyâl-dèmakratyčnaâ partyâ (Narodnaâ Hramada)
Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People’s Assembly)
Leader: Мікалай Статкевіч (Mikalaj Statkevič)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (PES observer)
EU Stance: *
Years active: 1994-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Беларуская сацыяльна-спартыўная партыя (BSSP)
Belaruskaâ sacyâlʹna-spartyǔnaâ partyâ
Belarusian Social Sporting Party
Leader: Уладзімір Александровіч (Uladzimir Aleksandrovič)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1994-2023

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party was part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Беларуская партыя жанчын «Надзея» (БПЖ (Надзея))
Belaruskaâ partyâ žančyn «Nadzeâ»
Belarusian Women’s Party “Nadzieja”
Leader: Алена Яськова (Alena Âsʹkova)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Аб’яднаныя дэмакратычныя сілы Беларусі (Ab’âdnanyâ dèmakratyčnyâ sily Belarusi, United Democratic Forces of Belarus, ADSB)

Партыя БНФ (BNF)
Partyâ BNF
BNF Party
Leader: Рыгор Кастусёў (Ryhor Kastusëǔ)
Orientation: Centre-right, National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR Party, IDU)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 1993-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Аб’яднаныя дэмакратычныя сілы Беларусі (Ab’âdnanyâ dèmakratyčnyâ sily Belarusi, United Democratic Forces of Belarus, ADSB). The party is also part of the Беларускі Незалежніцкі Блок (Bielaruski Niezaliežnicki Blok, Belarusian Independence Bloc, BNB)

Кансерватыўна-хрысціянская партыя — БНФ (KHP-BNF)
Kanservatyǔna-chrysciânskaâ partyâ — BNF
Conservative Christian Party – BNF
Leader: Зянон Пазняк (Zânon Paznâk)
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 1999-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Партыя свабоды і прагрэсу (PSP)
Partyâ svabody i prahrèsu
Party of Freedom and Progress
Leader: Уладзімір Навасяд (Uladzimir Navasâd)
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE observer)
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2003-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Разам (Razam)
Razam
Together
Leader: Марыя Калеснікава & Віктар Бабарыка(Maryâ Kalesnikava & Viktar Babaryka)
Orientation: Big tent
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2020-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Каардынацыйная рада (Kaardynacyjnaâ rada, Coordination Council for the Transfer of Power, CCTP). It is also part of the Беларускі Незалежніцкі Блок (Belaruski Nezaležnicki Blok, Belarusian Independence Bloc, BNB)

Рэспубліканская партыя (RP)
Rèspublikanskaâ partyâ
Republican Party
Leader: Уладзімір Белазор (Uladzimir Belazor)
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 1994-2023

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Note: the party was part of the RKSKPPGA multiparty alliance.

Аб’яднаная грамадзянская партыя (AHP)
Ab’âdnanaâ hramadzânskaâ partyâ
United Civil Party
Leader: Мікалай Казлоў (Mikalaj Kazloǔ)
Orientation: Centre-right, Liberal
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party, IDU)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1995-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Opposition

Note: the party is part of the Аб’яднаныя дэмакратычныя сілы Беларусі (Ab’âdnanyâ dèmakratyčnyâ sily Belarusi, United Democratic Forces of Belarus, ADSB)

Recent Polls

Independent parliamentary election polling is banned.