Become a Patron

Romania

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in Romania. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Klaus Iohannis (*-EPP)
Head of Government (PM) Marcel Ciolacu (PSD-S&D)
Parties in GovernmentPartidul Social Democrat (PSD)
National Liberal Party (PNL-EPP)

Parties

Partidul Social Democrat (PSD)
Social Democratic Party
Leader: Marcel Ciolacu
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, SI, SOC)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1989-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Partidul Național Liberal (PNL)
National Liberal Party
Leader: Nicolae Ciucă
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, CDI, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1875-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

USR
Uniunea Salvați România
Leader: Cătălin Drulă
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, ALDE Party, ALDE-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2016-…

Note: the USR party was created on 21 August 2016; on 15 December 2018, the PLUS party was created; on 2 February 2019, the USR PLUS multiparty alliance was created by the USR party and the PLUS party; on 16 April 2021, the USR PLUS multiparty alliance was dissolved and USR party and PLUS party merge into the USR PLUS party; in late 2021, the USR PLUS party was renamed to USR.

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Alianța pentru Unirea Românilor (AUR)
Alliance for the Unity of Romanians
Leader: George Simion
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: →ECR (orientation towards ECR)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration (party website)
Years active: 2019-…


Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar AUR group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România (UDMR)
Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség (RMDSZ)
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Leader: Hunor Kelemen
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, CDI, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1989-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Forța Dreptei (FD)
Force of the Right
Leader: Ludovic Orban
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: →EPP (intention to join EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Alternativa Dreaptă (AD)
Right Alternative
Leader: Adela Mîrza
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR Party)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2019-…


Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar AUR group in the national parliament.

Reînnoim Proiectul European al României (REPER)
Renewing Romania’s European Project
Leaders: Ramona Strugariu and Dragoș Pîslaru
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Partidul Umanist Social Liberal (PUSL)
Social Liberal Humanist Party
Leader: Daniel Ionașcu
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (history with S&D)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2015-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Partidul Neamul Românesc (PNR)
Romanian Nationhood Party
Leader: Ninel Peia
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar AUR group in the national parliament.

Partidul Mișcarea Populară (PMP)
People’s Movement Party
Leader: Eugen Tomac
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, PACE-NI)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2014-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Pro România (PRO)
Pro Romania
Leader: Victor Ponta
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, EDP)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2018-…

Watch here our video from 2020 about the party.

Partidul Ecologist Român (PER)
Romanian Ecologist Party
Leader: Dănuţ Pop
Orientation: National-conservative, Green politics
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (joint statement with Greens/EFA MEPs)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (see, for instance, this article as one example)
Years active: 1990-…

Uniunea Armenilor din România (UAR)
Armenians Union of Romania
Leader: Varujan Vosganian
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Armenian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Forumul Democrat al Germanilor din România (FDGR)
Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania
Leader: Paul-Jürgen Porr
Orientation: Designated party to represent the German minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: EPP (history with EPP-EP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1989-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Asociaţia Liga Albanezilor din România (ALAR)
Association League of Albanians in Romania
Leader:
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Albanian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1999-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Asociaţia Macedonenilor din România (AMR)
Association of Macedonians in Romania
Leader: Laura Elen Rogobete Cristescu
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Macedonian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2000-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Comunitatea Ruşilor Lipoveni din România (CRLR)
Community of Lipovan Russians in Romania
Leader: Silviu Feodor
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Lipovan minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Polonezilor din România “Dom Polski” (UPR)
Union of Poles in Romania “Dom Polski”
Leader: Ghervazen Longher
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Polish minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Federaţia Comunităţilor Evreieşti din România (FCER)
Jew’s Communities Federation in Romania
Leader: Aurel Vainer
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Jewish minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1936-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Partida Romilor “Pro-Europa” (Pro Europa)
Roma Party “Pro-Europa”
Leader: Nicolae Păun
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Roma minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Asociaţia Italienilor din România – RO.AS.IT. (RO.AS.IT.)
Association of Italians in Romania – RO.AS.IT
Leader: Ioana Grosaru
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Italian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: ~RE (History with EDP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1996-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Bulgara din Banat – România (UBBR)
Union of Bulgarians in Banat – Romania
Leader: Niculae Mircovici
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Bulgarian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: ~ ECR (History with ECPM)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Croaţilor din România (UCR)
Union of Croats in Romania
Leader: Ghera Giureci-Slobodan
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Croatian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1991-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Culturală a Rutenilor din România (UCRR)
Cultural Union of Rutens in Romania
Leader: Jurnal Rutean
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Ruthenian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2000-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Democratică a Slovacilor şi Cehilor din România (UDSCR)
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs in Romania
Leader: Iarco Furic
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Slovak and Czech minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECPM)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Democrată Turcă din România (UDTR)
Turkish Democratic Union of Romania
Leader: Osman Fedbi
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Turkish minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Elenă din România (UER)
Hellenic Union of Romania
Leader: Zisopol Dragos-Gabriel
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Greek minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1989-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Sârbilor din România (USrR)
Union of Serbs in Romania
Leader: Ognean Cristici
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Serb minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1989-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Uniunea Ucrainenilor din România (UUR)
Union of Ukrainians in Romania
Leader: Petrețchi Nicolae Miroslav
Orientation: Designated party to represent the Ukrainian minority in Romania
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1989-…

Note: The party is a member of the Grupul parlamentar al minorităţilor naţionale group in the national parliament.

Partidul Național Țărănesc Creștin Democrat (PNȚ-CD)
Christian-Democratic National Peasants’ Party
Leader: Aurelian Pavelescu
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP, ECPM)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1989-…

Partidul România Mare (PRM)
Greater Romania Party
Leader: Victor Iovici
Orientation: Far-right (Rooduijn et al., 2023)
EP Affiliation: ~NI (History with NI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1991-…

Partidul Verde – Verzii (PV)
Green Party – The Greens
Leader: Lavinia Cosma & Marius Lazăr
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2005-…

Partidul S.O.S. România (S.O.S. RO)
S.O.S. Romania Party
Leader: Diana Șoșoacă
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: →ID (intention to join ID)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Partidul Democrației și Solidarității (Demos)
Democracy and Solidarity Party
Leader:
Ionuț Tudor
Orientation:
Left-wing
EP Affiliation:
* (CEEGLA)
EU Stance:
In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

MRS – Partidul Miscarea România Suverana (PRS)
Sovereign Romania Movement Party
Leader:
Carmen Dan
Orientation:
Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance:
Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Partidul Republican din România (PRR)
Republican Party from Romania
Leader: Marian Cucșa
Orientation: Conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2015-…

Alianța Național Creștină (ANC)
National Christian Alliance Party
Leader: Mircea Andrei
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Patrioții Poporului Român (PPR)
Patriots of the Romanian People
Leader: Mihai Ioan Lasca
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Forţa Identităţii Naţionale (FIN)
The Force of National Identity
Leader: Ilan Laufer
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Partidul Patriotilor (PP)
Patriots Party
Leader: Surugiu Iulian
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Partidul Oamenilor Tineri (POT)
Young People’s Party
Leader: Anamaria Gavrilă
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2024-…

Partidul România ECO (Echitate, Comunitate, Onestitate) (ECO)
ECO Romania Party (Equity, Community, Honesty)
Leader: Cosette Chichirău
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2024-…

Blocul Suveranist Român (BSR)
Romanian Sovereigntist Bloc
Leader: Florin Eremia
Orientation: Right-Wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Note: BSR also functions as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. 

Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților (ALDE)
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats
Leader: Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~NI (history with NI-EP, LI, ALDE-PACE, LIBSEEN)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-2022

Note: In the 2020 national parliament election, ALDE members will run on the PRO (S&D) list. ALDE itself will not present a list in the election.

Alianța pentru Patrie (APP)
Alliance for the Fatherland
Leader: Luviu Dragnea
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-2024

Recent Polls