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Italy

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

Government

Head of State (President)Sergio Mattarella (*)
Head of Government (PM)Giorgia Meloni (FdI-ECR)
Parties in GovernmentBrothers of Italy (FdI-ECR)
League (LEGA-ID)
Go Italy (Forza-EPP)
Us Moderates (NM-EPP)

Parties

Fratelli d’Italia (FdI)
Brothers of Italy
Leader: Giorgia Meloni
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP, ECR Party, EC/DA)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2012-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election.

Partito Democratico (PD)
Democratic Party
Leader: Elly Schlein
Orientation: Centre-left (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, PA, SOC, some MPs organized in LI)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2007-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Partito Democratico - Italia Democratica e Progressista national parliament group.

Movimento 5 Stelle (M5S)
Five Star Movement
Leader: Giuseppe Conte
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP, NI-PACE)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2009-...

Note: The party is part of the Movimento 5 Stelle national parliament group.

Lega (LEGA)
League
Leader: Matteo Salvini
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ID (ID-EP, ID Party, EC/DA)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election.

Forza Italia (Forza)
Go Italy
Leader: Antonio Tajani
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1994-2009; 2013-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Forza Italia - Berlusconi Presidente - PPE national parliament group.

Azione (A)
Action
Leader: Carlo Calenda
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2019-...

Note: The party ran on the Azione - Italia Viva - Calenda joint electoral list in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Azione - Popolari Europeisti Riformatori - Renew Europe national parliament group (lower house). Azione also functions as an umbrella organisation in the 2024 European parliament election, the joint list is composed by Azione, Populars Europeanists Reformers, Italian Republican Party, NOS, Liberal Socialist Association, European Republicans Movement, Team K, Popular Civic Reformer Platform, Liberal Democracy.

Italia Viva (IV)
Italy Alive
Leader: Matteo Renzi
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (REEDP)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2019-...

Note: The party ran on the Azione - Italia Viva - Calenda joint electoral list in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Italia Viva - Il Centro - Renew Europe national parliament group.

Europa Verde (EV)
Green Europe
Leader: Angelo Bonelli
Orientation: Green politics
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (Greens/EFA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Alleanza Verdi e Sinistra (AVS) national parliament group (lower house) and national parliament subgroup (upper house).

Sinistra Italiana (SI)
Italian Left
Leader: Nicola Fratoianni
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (EL)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Alleanza Verdi e Sinistra (AVS) national parliament group (lower house) and national parliament subgroup (upper house).

Più Europa (+E)
More Europe
Leader: Riccardo Magi
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the +Europa national parliament subgroup (lower house).

Noi Moderati (NM)
Us Moderates
Leader: Maurizio Lupi
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: →EPP (intention to join EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-...

Note: The party previously functioned as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. It is part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house).

Italexit per l'Italia (Italexit)
Italexit for Italy
Leader: Vacant
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2020-...

Note: The party is part of Partito Animalista - Italexit joint list in the 2024 European parliament election.

Unione Popolare (UP)
People's Union
Leader: Luigi De Magistris
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (PEL)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2022-...

Note: UP also functions as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. The alliance is composed by Democracy and Autonomy, Communist Refoundation Party, Power to the People, ManifestA, Socialist Rebirth, Party of the South.

Democrazia Sovrana Popolare (DSP)
Sovereign Popular Democracy
Leader: Marco Rizzo
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: ~NI (former INITIATIVE affiliate, WAP)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-...

Note: DSP also functions as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. The joint list is formed by Communist Party, Sovereign and Popular Italy Again.

Südtiroler Volkspartei (SVP)
South Tyrolean People's Party
Leader: Arno Kompatscher
Orientation: Centre-right, regionalist
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1945-...

Note: The party is part of the Minoranze Linguistiche national parliament subgroup (lower house) and Per le Autonomie national parliament group (upper house).

Sud chiama Nord (ScN)
South calls North
Leader: Cateno De Luca
Orientation: Diverse, regionalist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed towards EU integration
Years active: 2022-...

Note: The party is part of the Mixed group in the national parliament (lower house) and Per le Autonomie national parliament group (upper house). The party will run on the Libertà electoral alliance in the 2024 European parliament election.

Movimento Associativo Italiani all'Estero (MAIE)
Associative Movement Italians Abroad
Leader: Ricardo Antonio Merlo
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: ~NI (NI-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2008-...

Note: The party is part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house) and Civici d'Italia - Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (upper house).

Coraggio Italia (CI)
Courage Italy
Leader: Luigi Brugnaro
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (endorsed by EPP leader)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-...


Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house) and Civici d'Italia - Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (upper house).

Unione di Centro (UdC)
Union of Centre
Leader: Lorenzo Cesa
Orientation: Centre-right (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2002-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house) and Civici d'Italia - Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (upper house).

Movimento Animalista (MA)
Animalist Movement
Leader: 
Michela Brambilla
Orientation: 
Centre-right, Animal rights
EP Affiliation: 
*
EU Stance: 
In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Mixed group in the national parliament (lower house).

Partito Progressista (PP)
Progressive Party
Leader: Massimo Zedda
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Alleanza Verdi e Sinistra (AVS)national parliament group (lower house).

Union Valdôtaine (UV)
Valdostan Union
Leader: 
Erik Lavévaz
Orientation: 
Centre
EP Affiliation: 
Greens/EFA (EFA)
EU Stance:
 In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1945-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Minoranze Linguistiche national parliament subgroup (lower house) and Per le Autonomie national parliament group (upper house).

Alternativa Popolare (AP)
Popular Alternative
Leader: Stefano Bandecchi
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-...

Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI)
Italian Socialist Party
Leader: Enzo Maraio
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2007-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election.

Campobase (CB)
Basecamp
Leader: Lorenzo Dellai
Orientation: Centrist, regionalist
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (intention to join EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of Per le Autonomie national parliament group (upper house).

Movimento Equità Territoriale (MET)
Territorial Equity Movement
Leader: Pino Aprile
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (Greens/EFA)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed of EU integration
Years active: 2019-...

Democrazia Cristiana con Rotondi (DC)
Christian Democracy with Rotondi
Leader: Gianfranco Rotondi
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Fratelli d'Italia national parliament group (lower house).

Democrazia Solidale (DemoS)
Solidary Democracy
Leader: Paolo Ciani
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2014-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Partito Democratico - Italia Democratica e Progressista national parliament group (lower house).

Identità e Azione (IDeA)
Identity and Action
Leaders: Gaetano Quagliarell0
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ ECR (ECPM)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2015-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Italy in the Centre federation and Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house).

Associazione Fassa (Fassa)
Fassa Association
Leader: Luca Guglielmi
Orientation: Centre-right, regionalist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2008-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Lega Salvini Premier - Partito Sardo d'Azione national parliament group.

#DiventeràBellissima (DB)
She Will Become Very Beautiful
Leader: Nello Musumeci
Orientation: Right-wing, regionalist
EP Affiliation: ~ ECR (association with FdI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2014-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Fratelli d'Italia national parliament group (upper house).

Nuovo Partito Socialista Italiano (NPSI)
New Italian Socialist Party
Leader: 
Stefano Caldoro
Orientation: 
Centre
EP Affiliation: 
~ EPP (MP sits into FI group of the Chamber of Deputies)
EU Stance: 
In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2001-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Forza Italia - Berlusconi Presidente - PPE national parliament group (lower house).

Sud in Testa (SiT)
South Ahead
Leader: Andrea Caroppo
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (Former MEP part of EPP)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Forza Italia - Berlusconi Presidente - PPE national parliament group (lower house).

Cantiere Popolare (CP)
Popular Construction Site
Leader: Francesco Saverio Romano
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2012-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house).

Radicali Italiani (RI)
Italian Radicals
Leader: Matteo Hallissey
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2001-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the +Europa national parliament subgroup (lower house).

Centro Democratico (CD)
Democratic Centre
Leader: Bruno Tabacci
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: ~RE (cooperation with ALDE Party)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2012-...


Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Partito Democratico - Italia Democratica e Progressista national parliament group (lower house).

Centristi per l'Europa (CpE)
Centrists for Europe
Leader: 
Pier Ferdinando Casini
Orientation: 
Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: 
In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-...


Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Partito Democratico - Italia Democratica e Progressista national parliament group (upper house).

Partito Sardo d'Azione (PSd'Az)
Sardinian Action Party
Leader: Christian Solinas
Orientation: Right-wing, regionalist
EP Affiliation: ~ ECR (ECR CoR)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1921-...

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election.

Popolari Europeisti Riformatori (PER)
Populars Europeanists Reformers
Leader: Elena Bonetti
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: ~RE (association with Azione)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-...

Note: It is part of the Azione - Popolari Europeisti Riformatori - Renew Europe national parliament group (lower house).

Liberali Democratici Europei (LDE)
European Liberal Democrats
Leader: Andrea Marcucci
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-...

Democrazia Cristiana Sicilia (DCS)
Sicilian Christian Democracy
Leader: 
Salvatore Cuffaro
Orientation: 
Centre-right
EP Affiliation: 
NI (NI)
EU Stance: 
Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2020-...

Partito Animalista (PA)
Animalist Party
Leader: Cristiano Ceriello
Orientation: Animal rights
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT|NI (Animal Politics EU, PftAIM, former EAFD membership)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2006-...

Note: The party was a member of the Partito Animalista - UCDL - 10 Volte Meglio joint list in the 2022 national parliament election. The party is part of Partito Animalista - Italexit joint list in the 2024 European parliament election.

Alternativa (Alt)
Alternative
Leader: 
Pino Cabras
Orientation: 
Left-wing
EP Affiliation: 
~NI (NI-PACE)
EU Stance: 
Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-...

Stati Uniti d'Europa (SUE)
United States of Europe
Leader: Emma Bonino & Matteo Renzi
Orientation: Liberal, centrist
EP Affiliation: RE|S&D (RE, ALDE Party, EDP, PES)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2024-...

Note: SUE functions as an electoral alliance in the 2024 European parliament election. The joint list is composed by Italia Viva, More Europe, Italian Socialist Party, Italian Radicals, European Liberal Democrats, L'Italia C'è, Us of the Centre.

Libertà
Freedom
Leader: Cateno De Luca
Orientation: Diverse, regionalist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2024-...

Note: Libertà also functions as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. The joint list is composed by South calls North, The People of Family, Vita, Great North, True Sicily, Green Front, Valdostan Rally, Civics in Movement, Movement for Italexit, Moderate Party of Italy, Venetian People, Us Farmers & Fishers, Pensioners' Party + Health, Free Together, True North, Sovereignty, Us Free Vendors, Capitano Ultimo, Rizzi.

Pace Terra Dignità (PTD)
Peace Land Dignity
Leader: Michele Santoro
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT|Greens/EFA (PEL member, MET MEP sits in G/EFA)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-...

Note: PTD also functions as an umbrella organisation for multiple independent parties. The joint list is composed by Communist Refoundation Party, MERA25 Italia, Territorial Equity Movement, Liberu.

Green Italia (GI)
Green Italy
Leader: Annalisa Corrado and Carmine Maturo
Orientation: Green politics
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (cooperation with EGP)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2013-2023

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-sinistra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It is part of the Partito Democratico - Italia Democratica e Progressista national parliament group (lower house).

Italia al Centro (C!)
Let's Change!
Leaders: Giovanni Toti
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (Former MEP part of EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-2023

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It was part of the Italy in the Centre federation and Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house).

Noi con l'Italia (NcI)
Us with Italy
Leader: Maurizio Lupi
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (endorsed by EPP leader)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-2023

Note: The party was a member of the Coalizione di centro-destra pre-election alliance in the 2022 national parliament election. It was part of the Noi Moderati - MAIE national parliament group (lower house).

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