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Hungary

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in Hungary. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Tamás Sulyok (*)
Head of Government (PM)Viktor Orbán (Fidesz-NI)
Parties in GovernmentFidesz – Hungarian Civic Union (Fidesz-NI)
Christian Democratic People’s Party (KDNP-EPP)

Parties

Fidesz – Magyar Polgári Szövetség (Fidesz)
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union
Leader: Viktor Orbán
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP, EC/DAintention to join ECR)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1988-…

Note: Fidesz is part of the Fidesz–KDNP pártszövetség multiparty alliance.

Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt (KDNP)
Christian Democratic People’s Party
Leader: Zsolt Semjén
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, CDI, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1944-…

Note: KDNP is part of the Fidesz–KDNP pártszövetség multiparty alliance.

Demokratikus Koalíció (DK)
Democratic Coalition
Leader: Ferenc Gyurcsány
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, NI-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2011-…

Note: DK was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections.

Momentum Mozgalom (MM)
Momentum Movement
Leader: Anna Donáth
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (REALDE PartyLI)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2017-…

Note: MM was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections.

Magyar Szocialista Párt (MSZP)
Hungarian Socialist Party
Leader: Imre Komjáthi & Ágnes Kunhalmi
Orientation: Centre-left (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, PA, SI, SOC)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1989-…

Note: MSZP was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for 2022 parliamentary elections.

Jobbik – Konzervatívok (Jobbik)
Jobbik – Conservatives
Leader: Márton Gyöngyösi
Orientation: Centre-right to right-wing
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP, NI-PACEECPM)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2003-…

Note: Jobbik was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections.

Párbeszéd – A Zöldek Pártja (P)
Dialogue – The Greens’ Party 
Leader: Rebeka Szabó & Bence Tordai
Orientation: Green politics, centre-left
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2013-…

Note: P was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections.

Mi Hazánk Mozgalom (MH)
Our Homeland Movement
Leader: László Toroczkai
Orientation: Right-wing extremist
EP Affiliation: ~NI (NI-PACEcooperation with FvD Netherlands)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Magyarország Zöld Pártja (LMP)
Green Party of Hungary
Leader: Erzsébet Schmuck & Péter Ungár
Orientation: Green politics (Borbáth & Susánszky, 2024; Poguntke et al., 2020; Szczerbiak & Taggart, 2024, p. 8)
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP, GG)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2009-…

Note: LMP was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections.

Magyar Kétfarkú Kutya Párt (MKKP)
Hungarian Two-tailed dog party
Leader: Gergely Kovács
Orientation: Satire
EP Group: →Greens/EFA (Intention ot join G/EFA group)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2014-…

Magyarországi Németek Országos Önkormányzata (MNOÖ)
National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary
Leader: Ibolya Hock-Englender
Orientation: Designated German minority organization
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1995-…

A Nép Pártján Mozgalom (NP)
Movement on the People’s Side
Leader: Péter Jakab
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance:  Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Igen Szolidaritás Magyarországért Mozgalom (ISZOMM)
Yes Solidarity for Hungary Movement
Leader: Andrea Huszti
Orientation: Left-wing to centre-left
EP Affiliation: →LEFT (intention to join LEFT
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Mindenki Magyarországa Mozgalom (MMM)
Hungary for All Movement
Leader: Péter Márki-Zay
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: →EPP (intention to join EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration

Megoldás Mozgalom (MEMO)
Solution Movement
Leader: György Gattyán
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Normális Élet Pártja (NÉP)
Party of Normal Life
Leader: György Gődény
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Új Kezdet (ÚK)
New Start
Leader: Krisztina Hohn
Orientation: Centre to Centre-right
EP Affiliation: RE (EDP)
EU Stance:  In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Esély Közösség (EK)
Opportunity Community
Leader: István Ujhelyi
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Szikra Mozgalom (Szikra)
Spark Movement
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: * (CEEGLA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Note: Szikra was part of the joint Jobbik-MSZP-DK-LMP-P-MM opposition electoral alliance “United for Hungary” for the 2022 parliamentary elections. It sits with the Párbeszéd group in the national parliament.

Második Reformkor Párt (2RK)
Second Reform Era Party
Leader: Gábor Vona
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Unclear
Years active: 2023-…

Tisztelet és Szabadság (TISZA)
Respect and Freedom
Leader: Péter Magyar
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: →EPP (intention to join EPP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2024-…

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