Become a Patron

Russia

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

Government

Head of State (President)Vladimir Putin (~ EPP|ID)
Head of Government (PM)Mikhail Mishustin (*)
Parties in GovernmentAll-Russian Political Party ‘United Russia’ (YeR ~ EPP|ID)

Parties

Всероссийская политическая партия «Единая Россия» (YeR)
Vserossiyskaya politicheskaya partiya ‘Yedinaya Rossiya’
All-Russian Political Party ‘United Russia’
Leader: Dmitry Medvedev
Orientation: Right-wing, Authoritarian
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP|ID (Cooperation agreement with EPP Party associated member SNS (Serbia) and ND (Greece); cooperation agreement with ID Party member Lega (Italy))
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2001-…

Note: Prosperous Armenia, which has a cooperation agreement with United Russia, was an ECR Party member until 2022 but was then removed from the ECR Party member lists amidst Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации (KPRF)
Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii
Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Leader: Gennady Zyuganov
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (IMCWP, UPC–CPSU)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1993-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Либерально-демократическая партия России (LDPR)
Liberalno-demokraticheskaya partiya Rossii
Liberal Democratic Party of Russia
Leader: Leonid Slutskiy
Orientation: Far-right (Mareš & Stojar, 2012, p. 166)
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1992-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive (Zulianello, 2019, p. 342), Soft Opposition

Социалистическая политическая партия «Справедливая Россия — Патриоты — За правду» (SRPZP)
Sotsialisticheskaya politicheskaya partiya ‘Spravedlivaya Rossiya – Patrioty – Za pravdu’
Socialist Political Party ’Just Russia – Patriots – For Truth’
Leaders: Sergey Mironov, Zakhar Prilepin, & Gennady Semgin
Orientation: Left-wing, National Conservative
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (SS-CIS)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive (Zulianello, 2019, p. 342)

Note: Recent Merger of the Spravedlivaya Rossiya (SR~S&D|LEFT), Patrioty Rossii (Patrioty-*), and Za Pravdu (ZP-*) Parties.

Всероссийская политическая партия «Родина» (Rodina)
Vserossiyskaya politicheskaya partiya ‘Rodina’
All-Russian Political Party ‘Motherland’
Leader: Aleksey Zhuravlyov
Orientation: Right-wing, National Conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2003-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive (Zulianello, 2019, p. 342)

«Гражданская платформа» (GP)
‘Grazhdanskaya Platforma’
‘Civic Platform’
Leader: Rifat Shaykhutdinov
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Российская объединённая демократическая партия «Яблоко» (Yabloko)
Rossiyskaya obyedinyonnaya demokraticheskaya partiya ‘Yabloko’
Russian United Democratic Party ‘Apple’
Leader: Nikolay Rybakov
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party, LI)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1993-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Soft Opposition

Политическая партия «Новые Люди» (NL)
Politicheskaya partiya ‘Novyye Lyudi’
Political Party ‘New People’
Leader: Aleksey Nechayev
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Российская партия Пенсионеров за Социальную Справедливость (RPPSS)
Rossiyskaya partiya Pensionerov za Sotsial’nuyu Spravedlivost’
Russian party of Pensioners for Social Justice
Leader: Burakov Yuryevich
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1997-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Коммунисты России (KR)
Kommunisty Rossii
Communists of Russia
Leader: Maxim Suraykin
Orientation: Far-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Hard Opposition

Зелёная Альтернатива (ZA)
Zelyonaya Al’ternativa
Green Alternative
Leader: Ruslan Khvostov
Orientation: Centre-Left, Green Politics
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Россия Будущего (RB)
Rossiya Budushchego
Russia of the Future
Leader: Alexei Navalny
Orientation: Centre, Liberal
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Hard Opposition

Партия народной свободы – ПАРНАС (PARNAS)
Partiya narodnoy svobody – PARNAS
Party of Popular Freedom – PARNAS
Leader: Mikhail Kasyanov
Orientation: Centre-Right
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Hard Opposition

Партия Роста (Rosta)
Partiya Rosta
Party of Growth
Leader: Boris Titov
Orientation: Centre-Right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Российская Экологическая Партия «Зелёные» (Zelyonyye)
Rossiyskaya Ekologicheskaya Partiya ‘Zelyonyye’
Russian Ecological Party ‘The Greens’
Leader: Anatoliy Panfilov
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1992-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Общественное движение «За Новый Социализм» (ZNS)
Obshchestvennoye dvizheniye ‘Za Novyye Sotsializm’
Social Movement ‘For a New Socialism’
Leader: Nikolay Platoshkin
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Hard Opposition

Российская Партия Свободы и Справедливости (RPSS)
Rossiyskaya Partiya Svobody i Spravedlivosti
Russian Party of Freedom and Justice
Leader: Maksim Shevchenko
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Партия прямой демократии (PPD)
Partiya Pryamoy Demokratii
Party of Direct Democracy
Leader: Oleg Artamonov
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Unclear

Движение в поддержку армии (DPA)
Dvizheniye v podderzhku armii
Movement in Support of the Army
Leader: Victor Sobolev
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1997-…

Stance towards the authoritarian President: Supportive

Recent Polls