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France

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in France. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Emmanuel Macron (RE-RE)
Head of Government (PM)Gabriel Attal (RE-RE)
Parties in GovernmentRenaissance (RE)
MoDem (RE)
Horizons (RE)
Progressive Federation (~RE)
Radical Party (RE)

Parties

Renaissance (RE)
Renaissance
Leader: Stéphane Séjourné
Orientation: Liberal (Szczerbiak & Taggart, 2024, p. 9)
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, ALDE-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2016-…

Rassemblement National (RN)
National Rally
Leader: Jordan Bardella
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ID (ID-EP, ID Party)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1972-…

La France Insoumise (LFI)
France Unbowed
Leader: Manuel Bompard
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (LEFT, NTP, EL)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2016-…

Note: La France Insoumise also functions as an umbrella organization for multiple parties.

Les Républicains (LR)
The Republicans
Leader: Eric Ciotti
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, CDI, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2002-…

Mouvement Democrate (MoDem)
Democratic Movement
Leader: François Bayrou
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, EDP)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2007-…

Horizons (H)
Horizons
Leader: Edouard Philippe
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: RE (RE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Parti Socialiste (PS)
Socialist Party
Leader: Olivier Faure
Orientation: Centre-left (Poguntke et al., 2020)
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, PA, SI)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1969-…

Les Écologistes (LÉ)
The Ecologists
Leader: Marine Tondelier
Orientation: Centre-left, Green
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (Greens/EFA, EGP, GG)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2010-…

Note: LÉ (formerly known as EELV) is part of the Ecologists-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Parti Communiste Français (PCF)
French Communist Party
Leader: Fabien Roussel
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (EL, IMCWP)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1920-…

Note: the PCF is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Agir, la droite constructive (Agir)
Act, the constructive right
Leader: 
Franck Riester
Orientation: 
Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~
RE (Ties with LREM)
EU Stance: 
In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-2022 (merged into Renaissance)

Union des démocrates et indépendants (UDI)
Union of Democrats and Independents
Leader: Hervé Marseille
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (party source)
Years active: 2012-…

Note: the UDI is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Génération·s : le mouvement commun (G.s)
Generations: the common movement
Leaders: Hella Kribi-Romdhane and Ali Rabeh
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (cooperation with EELV)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: Génération·s is part of the Ecologists-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Parti Radical  (PR)
Radical Party
Leader: 
Laurent Hénart
Orientation: 
Liberal
EP Affiliation: 
RE (REALDE Party)
EU Stance: 
Strongly in favour of EU integration (party source)
Years active: 1901-…

Note: the PR is part of the Renaissance and LIOT groups in the national parliament.

Tāvini huiraʻatira nō te ao māʻohi (Tavini)
Serve the Native People
Leader: Oscar Temaru
Orientation: Centre-left, Polynesian independence
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1977-…

Note: Tavini is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Femu a Corsica (Femu a Corsica)
Let us make Corsica
Leader: François Martinetti
Orientation: Centre, Corsican nationalism
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EFA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: Femu a Corsica is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Alliance centriste (AC)
Centrist Alliance
Leader: Philippe Folliot
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2008-…

Péyi-A (Péyi-A)
The Country
Leader: Jean-Philippe Nilor and Marcellin Nadeau
Orientation: Centre-left, Martinican independence
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF and LFI)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Note: Péyi-A is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Pour La Réunion (PLR)
For La Réunion
Leader: Huguette Bello
Orientation: Left-wing, Reunionese regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Note: PLR is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Génération écologie (GÉ)
Ecology Generation
Leader: Delphine Batho
Orientation: Green
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (ties with EELV)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Note: GE is part of the Ecologists-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Partitu di a Nazione Corsa (PNC)
Party of the Corsican Nation
Leader: Pascal Zagnoli
Orientation: Centre-left, Corsican nationalism
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (Greens/EFAEFA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2002-…

Note: the PNC is part of the Ecologists-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Territoires de Progrès (TDP)
Territories of Progress
Leader: Olivier Dussopt
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Note: Territoires de Progrès is part of the Renaissance group in the national parliament.

Fédération Progressiste (FP)
Progressive Federation
Leader: François Rebsamen
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with RE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

En commun! (EC)
In common!
Leader: Barbara Pompili
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: ~RE (History with RE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Note: En Commun is part of the Renaissance group in the national parliament.

Calédonie Ensemble (CE)
Caledonia Together
Leader: Philippe Gomès
Orientation: Centre-right, anti-Caledonian independence
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with LREM)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2008-…

Note: CE is part of the Renaissance group in the national parliament.

Parti de gauche (PG)
Left party
Leaders: Jean-Christophe Sellin and Hélène Le Cacheux
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (history with LEFT)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2009-…

Note: the Parti de Gauche is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Gauche Ecosocialiste (GES)
Ecosocialist Left
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (EL)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2013-…

Note: the GES is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Parti Ouvrier Indépendant (POI)
Independent Workers’ Party
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with LFI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2008-…

Note: the POI is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Debout la France (DLF)
France Arise
Leader: Nicolas Dupont-Aignan
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: →ECR (intention to join ECR)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2008-…

Note: DLF is part of the Non-Inscrits group in the national parliament.

Parti progressiste démocratique guadeloupéen (PPDG)
Progressive Democratic Party of Guadeloupe
Leader: Sophie Péroumal
Orientation: Centre-left, Guadeloupean regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (Ties with PS)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1991-…

Note: the PPDG is part of the Socialiste-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Révolution Ecologique pour le Vivant (REV)
Ecological Revolution for the Living
Leader: Aymeric Caron
Orientation: Left-wing, animal welfare
EP Affiliation: LEFT (Ties with LFI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Note: REV is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Soyons libres (SL)
Let’s be free
Leader: Valérie Pécresse
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (ties with LR)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: SL is part of the LR group in the national parliament.

Ligue du Sud (LS)
League of the South
Leader: Jacques Bompard
Orientation: Far-right
EP Affiliation: ~ ID (Ties with RN)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2010-…

Note: the LS is part of the Rassemblement National group in the national parliament.

Parti progressiste martiniquais (PPM)
Martinique Progressive Party
Leader: Serge Letchimy
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (Ties with PS)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1958-…

Note: the PPM is part of the Socialiste-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Rézistan’s Égalité 974 (RÉ974)
Rézistan’s Equality 974
Leader: Jean-Hugues Ratenon
Orientation: Left-wing, Reunionese regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with LFI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Note: RÉ974 is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

L’Avenir Français (LAF)
The French Future
Leader: Jean-Philippe Tanguy
Orientation: Far-right
EP Affiliation: ~ ID (ties with RN)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Note: LAF is part of the Rassemblement National group in the national parliament.

Le Progrès (LP)
The Progress
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Centre-left, Reunionese regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2013-…

Note: Le Progrès is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Picardie debout (PD)
Picardie Arise
Leader: François Ruffin
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (Ties with LFI)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: PD is part of the La France Insoumise-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Territoires 44 (T44)
Territories 44
Leader: Jean-Claude Raux
Orientation: Centre-left, localism
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (Greens/EFAEFA)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Note: T44 is part of the Ecologists-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Générations NC (GNC)
NC Generations
Leader: Nicolas Metzdorf
Orientation: Liberal, anti-Caledonian independence
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with LREM)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Note: CE is part of the Renaissance group in the national parliament.

Mouvement de décolonisation et d’émancipation sociale (MDES)
Decolonization and Social Emancipation Movement
Leader: Fabien Canavy
Orientation: Left-wing, Guianese independence
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1991-…

Note: the MDES is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Régions et Peuples Solidaires (R&PS)
Regions and Peoples with Solidarity
Leader: François Alfonsi
Orientation: Federalism
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EFA)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Union Démocratique Breton (UDB)
Breton Democratic Union
Leader: Collective Leadership
Orientation: Centre-Left, Breton Nationalism
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EFA)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1964-…

Écologie au centre (ÉAC)
Ecology at the Centre
Leader: Jean-Marc Governatori
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (history with G/EFA)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2011-…

Eko Zabym (EZ)
Abymes’ Echo
Leader: Olivier Serva
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2010-…

Note: EZ is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Les Centristes (LC)
The Centrists
Leader: Hervé Morin
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2006-…

Note: LC is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Notre Europe (NE)
Our Europe
Leader: Jean-Christophe Fromantin
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: →EPP (Per information shared with Europe Elects in December 2023)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Note: NE is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Archipel Demain (EZ)
Archipelago Tomorrow
Leader: Stéphane Artano
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1985-…

Note: AD is part of the LIOT group in the national parliament.

Pou Lagwiyann Dékolé (PLD)
Take Off for Guyana
Leader: Davy Rimane
Orientation: Left-wing, Guianese independence
EP Affiliation: ~LEFT (Ties with PCF)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: PLD is part of the Democratic and Republican Left-NUPES group in the national parliament.

Parti radical de gauche (PRG)
Radical Party of the Left
Leader: Guillaume Lacroix
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (PES-CoR)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1973-…

Reconquête (REC)
Reconquest
Leader: Eric Zemmour
Orientation: Far-right
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR Group)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Résistons ! (R !)
Resist!
Leader: Jean Lassalle
Orientation: Centre-right, agrarianism
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Parti Animaliste (PA)
Animalist Party
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Animal rights
EP Affiliation: LEFT (Animal Politics EU, PftAIM)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Les Patriotes (LP)
The Patriots
Leader: Florian Philippot
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ~NI (history with NI-EP)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Union Communiste (Trotskyste) | Lutte Ouvrière (LO)
Trotskyite Communist Union | Workers’ Struggle
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Far-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1939-…

Nouveau Parti Anticapitaliste (NPA)
New Anticapitalist Party
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (EACL)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2009-…

Refondation Républicaine (RR)
Republican Refoundation
Leader: Jean-Yves Autexier
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Nouvelle Donne (ND)
New Deal
Leader: Gilles Pontlevoy and Aline Mouquet
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2013-…

Place publique (PP)
Public Place
Leader: Collective leadership
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Gauche républicaine et socialiste (GRS)
Republican and Socialist Left
Leader: Emmanuel Maurel and Bastien Faudot
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: LEFT (LEFT, EL)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Les Nouveaux Démocrates (LND)
The New Democrats
Leader: Aurélien Taché and Émilie Cariou
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~ Greens/EFA (Ties with EELV)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-2022 (merged into Europe Écologie Les Verts)

Union des Démocrates Musulmans Français (UDMF)
Union of French Muslim Democrats
Leader: Nagib Azergui
Orientation: Muslim rights, centre-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Tapura Huiraatira (TH)
List of the People
Leader: Édouard Fritch
Orientation: Liberal, Polynesian regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with Renaissance, part of Ensemble)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Ia Ora te Nuna’a (Ia Ora)
Long Live the People
Leader: Teva Rohfritsch
Orientation: Liberal, Polynesian regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Sits in Renaissance’s group in the Senate)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Guyane Rassemblement (GR)
Guiana Rally
Leader: Rodolphe Alexandre
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with Renaissance)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2010-…

La Force du 13 (LFD13)
The Force of 13
Leader: Jean-Noël Guérini
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2014-…

La Martinique Ensemble (ME)
Martinique Together
Leader: Catherine Conconne
Orientation: Centre-left, Martinican regionalism
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Nouvelle force de Guyane (NFG)
New Force of Guiana
Leader: Marie-Laure Phinéra-Horth
Orientation: Social liberalism, Guianese regionalism
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2016-…

Guadeloupe Unie, solidaire et responsable (GU)
United Guadeloupe, Solidary and Responsible
Leader: Guy Losbar
Orientation: Liberal, Guadeloupean regionalism
EP Affiliation: ~RE (Ties with Renaissance, part of Ensemble)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Mouvement populaire franciscain (MPF)
Popular Franciscan Movement
Leader: Maurice Antiste
Orientation: Centre-left, Martinican regionalism
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1982-…

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