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Croatia

National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in Croatia. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Zoran Milanović (*-S&D)
Head of Government (PM)Andrej Plenković (HDZ-EPP)
Parties in GovernmentCroatian Democratic Union (HDZ-EPP)
Homeland Movement (DP→ID)

Parties

Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica (HDZ)
Croatian Democratic Union
Leader: Andrej Plenković
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, CDI, IDU, EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1989-…

Note: HDZ and HDS form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske demokratske zajednice group in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the HDZ–HSLS–HDS–HSU-HNS list.

Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske (SDP)
Social Democratic Party
Leader: Peđa Grbin
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: S&D (S&D, PES, PA, SI, SOC)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1990-…

Note: In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the SDP–HSS–GLAS–DOSIP–Centar list.

Domovinski pokret (DP)
Homeland Movement
Leader: Ivan Penava
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: →ID (intention to join ID)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Note: In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the DP-PP-Nezavisni list.

Možemo! – politička platforma (Možemo)
We Can! – Political Platform
Leader: Collective Leadership
Orientation: Green politics
EP Affiliation: Greens/EFA (EGP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Most Nezavisnih Lista (MOST)
Bridge of Independent Lists
Leader: Božo Petrov
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: →ECR (intention to join ECR)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2012-…

Note: the party is part of the Most-Hrvatski suverenisti multiparty alliance since 2023 (Dnevnik, 2023). In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the Most-HS list.

Samostalna demokratska srpska stranka (SDSS)
Independent Democratic Serb Party
Leader: Milorad Pupovac
Orientation: Designated party for the Serb minority, centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (history with S&D)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1997-…

Hrvatska socialno-liberalna stranka (HSLS)
Croatian Social Liberal Party
Leader: Dario Hebrak
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party, LIBSEEN)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1989-…

Note: HSLS and one independent MP form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske socijalno-liberalne stranke i nezavisnog zastupnika Vladimira Bileka in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the HDZ–HSLS–HDS–HSU-HNS list.

Istarski Demokratski Sabor (IDS)
Istrian Democratic Assembly
Leader: Dalibor Paus
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, ALDE Party, LIBSEEN, LI)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1990-…

Note: In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the IDS-PGS-Socijaldemokrati-HL/SR-Demokrati list.

Nezavisna Platforma Sjever (NPS)
Platform Independent North
Leader: Matija Posavec
Orientation: Centrist
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Note: NPS and Centar for the Klub zastupnika Centra i Nezavisne platforme Sjevera in the national parliament.

Centar (CENTAR)
Centre
Leader: Ivica Puljak
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (predecessor Pametno, according to Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Note: Centar and NPS for the Klub zastupnika Centra i Nezavisne platforme Sjevera in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the SDP–HSS–GLAS–DOSIP–Centar list.

Hrvatska demokršćanska stranka (HDS)
Croatian Christian Democratic Party
Leader: Goran Dodig
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2009-…

Note: HDS is part of the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske Demokratske Zajednice in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the HDZ–HSLS–HDS–HSU-HNS list.

Hrvatska stranka umirovljenika (HSU)
Croatian Party of Pensioners
Leader: Veselko Gabričević,
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliantion: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1996-…

Note: HSU is part of the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske Demokratske Zajednice in the national parliament.In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the HDZ–HSLS–HDS–HSU-HNS list.

Hrvatska Narodna Stranka-Liberalni Demokrati (HNS-LD)
Croatian People’s Party-Liberal Democrats
Leader: Mirko Korotaj
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party, LIBSEEN)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1990-…

Note: HNS and two independent minority MP’s form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske narodne stranke i nezavisnih zastupnika in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the HDZ–HSLS–HDS–HSU-HNS list.

Fokus (Fokus)
Focus
Leader: Davor Nađi
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Note: Fokus and two independent MP’s form the Klub zastupnika nezavisni i Fokus in the national parliament.. The party ran on the Reformisti-Fokus electoral alliance in the 2024 national parliament election.

Hrvatski suverenisti (HS)
Croatian Sovereignists
Leader: Marijan Pavliček
Orientation: Christian fundamentalist, right-wing
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP; ECPM)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (see data for predecessor party HKS via Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2019-…

Note: the party is part of the Most-Hrvatski suverenisti multiparty alliance since 2023 (Dnevnik, 2023). HS, PP and one independent MP form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatskih suverenista, stranke Pravo i pravda i nezavisnog zastupnika Josipa Jurčevića in the national parliament.  In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the Most-HS list.

Pravo i Pravda (PP)
Law and Justice
Leader: Mislav Kolakušić
Orientation: Diverse
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2024-…

Note: PP, HS and one independent MP form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatskih suverenista, stranke Pravo i pravda i nezavisnog zastupnika Josipa Jurčevića in the national parliament.  In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the DP-PP-Nezavisni list.

Hrvatska Seljačka Stranka (HSS)
Croatian Peasant Party
Leader: Krešo Beljak
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1904-…

Note: HSS, GLAS and DOSIP form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske seljačke stranke (HSS), Građansko-liberalnog saveza (GLAS) i stranke Dalija Orešković i ljudi s imenom i prezimenom (DOSIP) in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the SDP–HSS–GLAS–DOSIP–Centar list.

Građansko-liberalni savez (GLAS)
Civic-Liberal Alliance
Leader: Anka Mrak Taritaš
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (ALDE Party, ALDE-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2017-…

Note: GLAS, HSS and DOSIP form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske seljačke stranke (HSS), Građansko-liberalnog saveza (GLAS) i stranke Dalija Orešković i ljudi s imenom i prezimenom (DOSIP) in the national parliament. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the SDP–HSS–GLAS–DOSIP–Centar list.

Dalija Orešković i ljudi s imenom i prezimenom (DOSIP)
Dalija Orešković and People with a First and Last Name
Leader: Dalija Orešković
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2018-…

Note: The party was previously known as Stranka Antikorupcije, Razvoja i Transparentnosti (START).

Savez Roma u Republici Hrvatskoj “Kali Sara” (Kali Sara)
Alliance of Roma in the Republic of Croatia “Kali Sara”
Leader: Suzana Krčmar
Orientation: Designated self-government organization for the Roma minority
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2007-…

Bošnjaci zajedno – Nacionalna koordinacija Bošnjaka u Hrvatskoj! (BZ)
Bosniaks Together – National Coordination of Bosniaks in Croatia!
Leader: Bermin Mekšić
Orientation: Designated party for the Bosniak minority, big-tent
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Nezavisni – politička platforma (Nezavisni)
 Independents – political platform
Leader: Željko Lacković
Orientation: diverse, centre-right
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Note: Nezavisni is part of Klub zastupnika Domovinskog pokreta in the national parliament.

Socijaldemokrati (Socijaldemokrati)
Social Democrats
Leader: Davorko Vidović
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: ~S&D (SOC)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Note: The party ran on the Socijaldemokrati, HSS, and Hrvatski laburisti – Stranka rada electoral alliance Naša Hrvatska in the 2024 national parliament election. In the 2024 parliament election, the party ran on the IDS-PGS-Socijaldemokrati-HL/SR-Demokrati list.

Radnička fronta (RF)
Workers’ Front
Leader: Collective Leadership
Orientation: Left-wing
EP Affiliation: LEFT (PEL)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2014-…

Narodna stranka – Reformisti (Reformisti)
People’s Party – Reformists
Leader: Radimir Čačić
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: RE (EDP)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2014-…

Note: HSLS and Reformisti form the Klub zastupnika Hrvatske socijalno-liberalne stranke i Narodne stranke – Reformista group in the national parliament. Fokus and Reformisti form the Klub zastupnika Fokusa i Reformista group in the national parliament. The party ran on the IDS, Fokus, Reformisti and PGS electoral alliance Za bolju Hrvatsku in the 2024 national parliament election.

Blok za Hrvatsku (Blok)
Bloc for Croatia
Leader: Zlatko Hasanbegović
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ~ ECR (forms national parliament group with DPMŠ→ECR)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Akcija za promjene (AP)
Action for change
Leaders: Marko Jelić, Goran Aladić, Ksenija Krivec Jurak, Ivica Žuvela
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Bandić Milan 365 – Stranka Rada i Solidarnosti (BM365)
Bandić Milan 365 – Labour and Solidarity Party
Leader: Slavko Kojić
Orientation: Center-left
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Stranka Ivana Pernara (SIP)
Party of Ivan Pernar
Leader: Ivan Pernar
Orientation: Centrist, anti-establishment
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2019-…

Bruna Esih-Zlatko Hasanbegović: Neovisni za Hrvatsku (NHR)
Independents for Croatia
Leader: Bruna Esih
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: →ID (intention to join ID)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Hrvatski demokratski savez Slavonije i Baranje (HDSSB)
Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja
Leader: Branimir Glavaš
Orientation: Centre-right, regionalist
EP Affiliation: ~NI (history with NI-EP)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2006-…

Demokratska zajednica Mađara Hrvatske (HM)
Democratic Union of Hungarians of Croatia
Leader: Robert Jankovics
Orientation: Designated party for the Hungarian minority
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1993-…

Stranka Umirovljenika (SU)
Party of Pensioners
Leader: Lazar Grujić
Orientation: Centre
EP Affiliantion: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Odlučnost i Pravednost (OiP)
Determination and Justice
Leader: Karolina Vidović Krišto
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Pravedna Hrvatska (PH)
Righteous Croatia
Leader: Milan Vrkljan
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2022-…

Hrvatsko Bilo (Bilo)
Croatian Pulse
Leader: Nada Šikić
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Hrvatska građanska stranka (HGS)
Croatian Civic Party
Leader: Željko Kerum
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: *
Years active: 2009-…

Hrvatski Laburisti – Stranka rada (HL-SR)
Croatian Labourists – Labour Party
Leader: David Bregovac
Orientation: Centre-left
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2010-…

Primorsko-goranski savez (PGS)
Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar
Leader: Darijo Vasilić
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Stronly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Republika (Republika)
Republic
Leader: Damir Vanđelić
Orientation: Centrist
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2024-…

Hrvatska stranka prava (HSP)
Croatian party of rights
Leader: Karlo Starčević
Orientation: Far-right (Rooduijn et al., 2023)
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 1990-…

Autohtona – Hrvatska stranka prava (A-HSP)
Autochton – Croatian Party of Rights
Leader: Dražen Keleminec
Orientation: Far-right
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2005-…

Hrvatska Demokratska Seljačka Stranka (HDSS)
Croatian Democratic Peasant Party
Leader: Ivan Martan
Orientation: Centrist
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 1994-…

Nezavisna Lista Mladih (NLM)
Independent List of Youth
Leader: Petar Maretić
Orientation: National-conservative
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2016-…

Međimurski Demokratski Savez (MDS)
Democratic Alliance of Međimurje
Leader: Željko Pavlić 
Orientation: Centrist, regionalist
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2005-…

Zelena Lista (ZL)
Green List
Leader: Nenad Matić
Orientation: Green politics, centre-right
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2007-…

Blok Umirovljenici Zajedno (BUZ)
Bloc Pensioners Together
Leader: Milivoj Špika
Orientation: Centrist
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2007-…

Unija Kvarnera (UK)
Kvarner Union
Leader: Marko Boras Mandić
Orientation: Centrist, regionalist
EP affiliation: *
EU stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2017-…

Hrast – Pokret za uspješnu Hrvatsku (Hrast)
Growth – Movement for a successful Croatia
Leader: Ladislav Ilić
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP; ECPM)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration (Szczerbiak & Taggart, 2024, p. 13)
Years active: 2012-2021 (merged into HS)

Note: Hrast and HKS formed the Klub zastupnika Hrvatskih suverenista group in the national parliament from 2019 to 2021. In the 2020 parliament election, the party ran on the DPMŠ–HKS–HRAST−BzH–ZL−SU list.

Hrvatska konservativna stranka (HKS)
Croatian Conservative Party
Leader: Marijan Pavliček
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR-EP, ECR Party)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2014-2021 (merged into HS)

Note: Hrast and HKS formed the Klub zastupnika Hrvatskih suverenista group in the national parliament in 2021. In the 2020 parliament election, the party ran on the DPMŠ–HKS–HRAST−BzH–ZL−SU list.

Ključ Hrvatske (KH)
The Key of Croatia
Leader: Ivan Vilibor Sinčić
Orientation: Diverse (Zulianello, 2019, p. 342)
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2011-2024 (merged into PP)

Note: Živi Zid (Human Shield) until the party name change in May 2022.

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