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Slovakia

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National Parliament Composition

National Poll Average

This poll average is the result of a smoothing cubic spline fitted to our dataset of all national polls collected in Slovakia. You can access the complete database of polls at https://europeelects.eu/data/

Government

Head of State (President)Peter Pellegrini (*)
Head of Government (PM)Robert Fico (SMER-NI)
Parties in GovernmentSmer – Sociálna Demokracia (SMER-NI)
HLAS – sociálna demokracia (HLAS-NI)
Život – Národná strana (Život-*)
Slovenská Národná Strana (SNS-PfE)
Národná koalícia/Nezávislí kandidáti (NK/NEKA-*)

Parties

The following displays political parties who in recent years had EU or national parliamentary representation. It also includes parties that have appeared in polls in recent years. Political parties are defined as groups presenting candidates in elections for public office (Sartori, 1976). National alliances ignore regional cooperation and solely refer to the EU and national parliamentary level.

Smer – Sociálna Demokracia (SMER)
Direction – Social Democracy
Leader: Robert Fico
Orientation: National-conservative, left-wing (Marušiak, 2021, p. 47; Sekerák, 2019, p. 234)
EP Affiliation: NI (NI, PES (suspended), SOC, PA, SI)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1999-…

Progresívne Slovensko (PS)
Progressive Slovakia
Leader: Michal Šimečka
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE, ALDE Party, ALDE-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2017-…

VOICE – Social Democracy
Leader: Matúš Šutaj Eštok
Orientation: Centre-left
EP Affiliation: NI (NI-EP, NI-PACEPES (suspended))
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2020-…

Watch here our video from 2021 about the party.

Kresťanskodemokratické Hnutie (KDH)
Christian Democratic Movement
Leader: Milan Majerský
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP-EP, EPP Party, EPP-PACE, CDI)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1990-…

Slovensko (S)
Slovakia
Leader: Igor Matovič
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party, history with EPP-EP)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2011-… (as OL’aNO until 2023)

Note: Since 2023, the party is part of the Klub SLOVENSKO, ZA ĽUDÍ, KÚ multi-party national parliamentary group. The party was part of the Koalícia OĽANO A PRIATELIA a Kresťanská únia a ZA ĽUDÍ multiparty list for the 2023 national parliament election. From 2020 until 2023, the party was part of the Klub OBYČAJNÍ ĽUDIA a nezávislé osobnosti multi-party national parliamentary group.

Sloboda a solidarita (SaS)
Freedom and Solidarity
Leader: Branislav Gröhling
Orientation: Libertarian
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECR Party, history with ECR-EP, EC/DA)
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration (Chapter Hill data)
Years active: 2009-…

Note: Since 2020, the party is part of the Klub Sloboda a Solidarita multiparty national parliamentary group.

Hnutie Republika (Republika)
Republic Movement
Leader: Milan Uhrík
Orientation: Far-right
EP Affiliation: ESN|NI (ESN, NI-EP)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Slovenská Národná Strana (SNS)
Slovak National Party
Leader: Andrej Danko
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: PfE (ID Party, NI-PACE)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 1990-…

Život – Národná strana (Život)
Life – National Party
Leader: Tomáš Taraba
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2019-…

Note: Since 2023, the party is part of the Klub Slovenská národná strana multi-party national parliamentary group. In the 2023 national parliament election, the party ran candidates on the Slovenská národná strana which is formally a single party list.

Kresťanská únia (KÚ)
Christian Union
Leader: Anna Záborská
Orientation: Christian fundamentalist
EP Affiliation: ECR (ECPM, EC/DA)
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 1998-…

Note: Since 2023, the party is part of the Klub SLOVENSKO, ZA ĽUDÍ, KÚ multi-party national parliamentary group. The party was part of the Koalícia OĽANO A PRIATELIA a Kresťanská únia a ZA ĽUDÍ multiparty list for the 2023 national parliament election. Between 2020-2023, 4/5 KÚ MPs were part of the Klub OBYČAJNÍ ĽUDIA a nezávislé osobnosti multiparty national parliamentary group.

Za ľudí (ZL’)
For the People
Leader: Veronika Remišová
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: ~ EPP (formerly EPP-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2019-…

Note: Since 2023, the party has been part of the Klub SLOVENSKO, ZA ĽUDÍ, KÚ multi-party national parliamentary group. The party was part of the Koalícia OĽANO A PRIATELIA a Kresťanská únia a ZA ĽUDÍ multiparty list for the 2023 national parliament election.

Občianska konzervatívna strana (OKS)
Civic Conservative Party
Leader: Ondrej Dostál
Orientation: National-conservative
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Neutral towards EU integration
Years active: 2001-…

Note: Since 2020, the party is part of the Klub Sloboda a Solidarita multiparty national parliamentary group. In the 2023 national parliament election, it is running as part of the Sloboda a Solidarita, which is formally a single party list.

Sme Rodina (SR)
We Are Family
Leader: Boris Kollár
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ~PfE (former ID Party member)
EU Stance: Somewhat opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2015-…

Kotlebovci – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko (L’SNS)
The Kotlebians – People’s party Our Slovakia
Leader: Marian Kotleba
Orientation: Far-right (Rooduijn et al., 2023), Neo-nazist
EP Affiliation: NI (APFNI-PACE)
EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2010-…

Slovenský PATRIOT (PATRIOT)
Slovak PATRIOT
Leader: Miroslav Radačovský
Orientation: Right-wing
EP Affiliation: ~NI (history with NI-EP and EAFD)
EU Stance: Opposed to EU integration
Years active: 2021-…

Zmena zdola, Demokratická únia Slovenska (ZZ)
Change from Bottom, Democratic Union of Slovakia
Leader: Ján Budaj
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2000-…

Note: ZZ was part of the OĽaNO–NOVA–KÚ–ZZ multi-party national parliamentary group from 2020-2023. In the national parliamentary election 2023, candidates of the party run on the Demokrati electoral list.

Demokrati (Demokrati)
Democrats
Leader: Jaroslav Naď 
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (history with EPP-EP, EPP Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU integration (Chapel Hill data)
Years active: 2023-…

Nova (NOVA)
Nova
Leader: Gábor Grendel
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: *
EU Stance: Somewhat in favour of EU integration
Years active: 2012-…

Note: Since 2023, the party is part of the Klub SLOVENSKO, ZA ĽUDÍ, KÚ multi-party national parliamentary group. Bewteen 2020-2023, the party was part of the Klub OBYČAJNÍ ĽUDIA a nezávislé osobnosti multi-party national parliamentary group. The party was part of the Koalícia OĽANO A PRIATELIA a Kresťanská únia a ZA ĽUDÍ multiparty list for the 2023 national parliament election.

Jablko (Jablko)
Apple
Leader: Lucia Ďuriš Nicholsonová
Orientation: Liberal
EP Affiliation: RE (RE)
EU Stance: In favour of EU integration
Years active: 2023-…

Note: In the 2023 national parliament election, it is running as part of the Demokrati multiparty list, which is formally a single-party list.

Národná koalícia/Nezávislí kandidát (NK/NEKA)
National coalition/Independent candidates
Leader: Pavel Zacharovský
Orientation: Right-wing
 EP Affiliation: *
 EU Stance: Strongly opposed to EU integration
 Years active: 2014-…

Note: Since 2023, the party is part of the Klub Slovenská národná strana multi-party national parliamentary group. In the 2023 national parliament election, the party ran candidates on the Slovenská národná strana which is formally a single party list.

Magyar Szövetség (MS)
Maďarská Aliancia (MA)
Hungarian Alliance
Leader: Krisztián Forró
Orientation: Centre-right
EP Affiliation: EPP (EPP Party)
EU Stance: Strongly in favour of EU Integration
Years active: 2019-…

Note: Aliancia was established after merging the following parties: Strana Maďarskej komunity (SMK-MKP) , Most–Híd (MOST) and Magyar Közösségi Összefogás – Maďarská komunitná spolupatričnosť.

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